Human rights in Turkey

Landscape City site The old city contains about 9 square miles 23 square km , but the present municipal boundaries stretch a great deal beyond. Around their slopes are ranged many of the mosques and other historic landmarks that were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in The Golden Horn is a deep drowned valley about 4. The Black Sea waters thrust southward through the Bosporus, but beneath them the salty warm waters of the Mediterranean push northward as a powerful undercurrent running through the same channel. The lodos, or southwest wind, can raise storms on the Sea of Marmara. City layout Fire, earthquake, riot, and invasion have ravaged Istanbul many times, more than 60 conflagrations and numerous earthquakes being important enough to have been recorded in history. The traces of these disasters, though, have been swept away in waves of intensive urban development: Portions of the walls of Stamboul remain.

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Mevlana Museum in Konya was built by the Seljuk Turks in Konya was the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum Anatolia. In , the Seljuks defeated the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert , starting the Turkification process in the area; the Turkish language and Islam were introduced to Armenia and Anatolia, gradually spreading throughout the region. The slow transition from a predominantly Christian and Greek -speaking Anatolia to a predominantly Muslim and Turkish-speaking one was underway.

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Do not travel to: Overall Crime and Safety Situation U. Consulate Adana does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. Crime Threats Muggings, vandalism, and other petty crimes do occur, as do narcotics-related crimes. Crimes of opportunity pickpocketing, purse snatching may occur more frequently; however, random violent crime is rare.

There have been reports about the use of sedatives throughout Turkey in sexual assaults by spa employees masseurs in private spas and hotels. Cybersecurity Issues There were several reports in of financial internet scams victimizing U. There has been an increase in cases of foreigners establishing contact with U. After purporting to run into an accident, arrest, travel emergency, intention to visit, or other situation, they request funds.

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Ancient Anatolia Prehistoric cultures of Anatolia Anatolia may be defined in geographic terms as the area bounded to the north by the Black Sea , to the east and south by the Southeastern Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea , and to the west by the Aegean Sea and Sea of Marmara ; culturally the area also includes the islands of the eastern Aegean Sea. In most prehistoric periods the regions to the south and west of Anatolia were under the influence of, respectively, Syria and the Balkans.

Much visible evidence of the earliest cultures of Anatolia may have been lost owing to the large rise in sea levels that followed the end of the last Ice Age about 10, years ago and to deposition of deep alluvium in many coastal and inland valleys. Rock engravings of animals on the walls of caves near Antalya , on the Mediterranean coast, suggest a relationship with the Upper Paleolithic art of western Europe.

Associated with these are rock shelters, the stratified occupational debris of which has the potential finally to clarify the transitional phases between cave-dwelling society and the Neolithic economy of the first agricultural communities.

Istanbul: Istanbul, largest city and principal seaport of Turkey. Historically known as Byzantium and then Constantinople, it was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul straddles the Bosporus strait, one of two waterways that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey.

Mevlana Museum in Konya was built by the Seljuk Turks in Konya was the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum Anatolia. In , the Seljuks defeated the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert , starting the Turkification process in the area; the Turkish language and Islam were introduced to Armenia and Anatolia, gradually spreading throughout the region. The slow transition from a predominantly Christian and Greek -speaking Anatolia to a predominantly Muslim and Turkish -speaking one was underway.

The Mevlevi Order of dervishes , which was established in Konya during the 13th century by Sufi poet Celaleddin Rumi , played a significant role in the Islamization of the diverse people of Anatolia who had previously been Hellenized. In its wake, one of the Turkish principalities governed by Osman I would evolve over the next years into the Ottoman Empire. In , the Ottomans completed their conquest of the Byzantine Empire by capturing its capital , Constantinople. In , Sultan Selim I — successfully expanded the empire’s southern and eastern borders by defeating Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty in the Battle of Chaldiran.

Subsequently, a contest started between the Ottoman and Portuguese empires to become the dominant sea power in the Indian Ocean , with a number of naval battles in the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean was perceived as a threat to the Ottoman monopoly over the ancient trade routes between East Asia and Western Europe.

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IstanbulTake a video tour of Istanbul. Sometimes as a bridge , sometimes as a barrier, Istanbul for more than 2, years has stood between conflicting surges of religion, culture , and imperial power. For most of those years it was one of the most coveted cities in the world. Blue MosqueBlue Mosque at night, Istanbul.

In ce, having razed the town for opposing him in a civil war, the Roman emperor Septimius Severus rebuilt it, naming it Augusta Antonina in honour of his son. In ce, when Constantine the Great dedicated the city as his capital, he called it New Rome.

Anatolia: Anatolia, the peninsula of land that today constitutes the Asian portion of Turkey. Because of its location at the point where the continents of Asia and Europe meet, Anatolia was, from the beginnings of civilization, a crossroads for numerous peoples migrating or conquering from either continent.

It stated inter alia: Most of the disappearances concerned persons of Kurdish ethnic origin and occurred in the provinces of Diyarbakir and Siirt, in south-east Anatolia, where the armed and security forces are combating the PKK and where a state of emergency is in force. Most of the cases followed the same pattern: Asma Jahangir , wrote: It is said that the original list contained names, but that adding further names the list covered 1, names in the end. The HRP reported that, in the first half of the year, persons reported cruel treatment and 26 reported torture, up from 79 reports of cruel treatment and 17 reports of torture during the same period in There is a lack of prompt, impartial and independent investigation into allegations of human rights violations by members of security forces.

Another 15 deaths were attributed to hunger strikes while medical neglect was given as the reason for 26 deaths. In some cases torture was involved. Prisoners were obliged to participate in daily roll-calls, the singing of marches and drills in the open air. In addition, so-called “inaugural-beatings” had been institutionalized in almost all prisons in Turkey. Small-group isolation remained a problem across the prison system for people accused or convicted of politically motivated offences.

Human rights in Turkey

Join me as I travel, play, eat, live and work in cities and places around the world. While touring the country I spoke to locals to find out more about the country, culture and people. I’ve learn that Turkey is a nation with a rich history, populated by friendly, hospitable and hardworking people who have built their country into one of the fastest growing economies in Europe and the world. Here are 32 facts I picked up to help make your visit to Turkey even more meaningful and interesting.

To help you plan your trip, visit the Ministry of Culture and Tourism website. The Blue Mosque or Sultanahmet Mosque in Istanbul large image 1 Turkey has 82, mosques, the most of which are in the country’s largest city, Istanbul, according to Religious Affairs Directorate data.

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History[ edit ] This coast has been inhabited since the 9th millennium BC. Excavations by John Garstang of the hill of Yumuktepe have revealed 23 levels of occupation, the earliest dating from ca. In subsequent centuries, the city became a part of many states and civilizations including the Hittites , Assyrians , Persians , Greeks , Seleucids and Lagids. During the Ancient Greek period, the city bore the name Zephyrion Greek: Apart from its natural harbor and strategic position along the trade routes of southern Anatolia , the city profited from trade in molybdenum white lead from the neighbouring mines of Coreyra.

Ancient sources attributed the best molybdenum to the city, which also minted its own coins. The area later became a part of the Roman province of Cilicia , which had its capital at Tarsus , while nearby Mersin was the major port. The city, whose name was Latinized to Zephyrium, was renamed as Hadrianopolis in honor of the Roman emperor Hadrian. After the death of the emperor Theodosius I in and the subsequent permanent division of the Roman Empire, Mersin fell into what became the Byzantine Empire.

The city was an episcopal see under the Patriarchate of Antioch. Le Quien names four bishops of Zephyrium: The bishopric is included in the Catholic Church ‘s list of titular sees , but since the Second Vatican Council no new titular bishop of this Eastern see has been appointed.

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Ancient Anatolia Prehistoric cultures of Anatolia Anatolia may be defined in geographic terms as the area bounded to the north by the Black Sea , to the east and south by the Southeastern Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea , and to the west by the Aegean Sea and Sea of Marmara ; culturally the area also includes the islands of the eastern Aegean Sea. In most prehistoric periods the regions to the south and west of Anatolia were under the influence of, respectively, Syria and the Balkans.

Much visible evidence of the earliest cultures of Anatolia may have been lost owing to the large rise in sea levels that followed the end of the last Ice Age about 10, years ago and to deposition of deep alluvium in many coastal and inland valleys. Rock engravings of animals on the walls of caves near Antalya , on the Mediterranean coast, suggest a relationship with the Upper Paleolithic art of western Europe. Associated with these are rock shelters, the stratified occupational debris of which has the potential finally to clarify the transitional phases between cave-dwelling society and the Neolithic economy of the first agricultural communities.

1) Turkey has 82, mosques, the most of which are in the country’s largest city, Istanbul, according to Religious Affairs Directorate data. 2) Turkey is one of the world’s 5 .

Be free to visit Turkey along with the other 27 Eurail countries. Although just one column of the Temple of Artemis remains this Seventh Wonder was destroyed in BC there are plenty of great excavated splendours to see, including the Library of Celsus and the Odeon amphitheatre. For more recent historical beauty head to mythical Amasya, with its enchanting Ottoman houses and impressive offering of mosques.

Amasya is a minute walk from the main train station. Pamukkale — a terrace of hot spring in the Denizli Province — is another absolute must-see. To reach the Pamukkale take the train to Denizli and from there take a bus. Inside the Blue Mosque in Istanbul Istanbul:

32 Interesting Facts about Turkey

Early History At midnight August 2, , when Columbus embarked on what would become his most famous expedition to the New World, his fleet departed from the relatively unknown seaport of Palos because the shipping lanes of Cadiz and Seville were clogged with Sephardic Jews expelled from Spain by the Edict of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain. The Jews forced either to convert to Christianity or to “leave” the country under menace “they dare not return The history of the Jews in Anatolia, however, started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews.

Remnants of Jewish settlement from the 4th century B.

Human rights in Turkey are protected by a variety of international law treaties, which take precedence over domestic legislation, according to Article 90 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights was not signed by Turkey until The issue of human rights is of high importance for the negotiations with the European Union (EU).

We advise against all travel to this area. There is extreme risk to your security in the city of Diyarbakir, in south-east Turkey, due to ongoing security force operations in the Sur district and we advise against all travel. High Risk There is high risk to your security in Ankara and Istanbul due to the heightened threat of terrorism and potential for civil unrest.

We advise against all tourist and other non-essential travel to these cities. New Zealanders transiting Ankara or Istanbul on their way to other destinations in Turkey are advised to minimise their transit time in Ankara or Istanbul and avoid tourist sites in these two cities. We advise against all tourist and other non-essential travel to these provinces due to the unpredictable security situation and the threat of terrorism and kidnapping.

Some Risk There is some risk to your security elsewhere in Turkey due to the heightened threat of terrorism and the potential for civil unrest and we advise caution. The state of emergency remains in force. New Zealanders currently in Turkey are advised to follow the instructions of local authorities. Security has been enhanced at airports with additional identification checks and documentation requirements introduced. Turkish citizens belonging to certain occupations may be asked to produce a letter from their employer when leaving the country.

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