Tweet Athens is the historical capital of Europe, with a long history , dating from the first settlement in the Neolithic age. Over the years, a multitude of conquerors occupied Athens, and erected unique, splendid monuments – a rare historical palimpsest. In , it became the capital of the modern Greek state and in two centuries since it has become an attractive modern metropolis with unrivalled charm. Around Acropolis The tour starts at the temple of Olympian Zeus 6th c. Continuing, you will reach the ruins of the Asklepieion 5th c. From there you climb up to the sacred rock of the Acropolis, the site of some of the most important masterpieces of worldwide architecture and art, the most renowned of which is the Parthenon temple. Apart from this, also impressive are the Propylaea, the temple of the Athene Nike and the Erechtheion , while you must not skip a visit to the Museum, located close to the Parthenon.
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Akrotiri The Bronze Age lasted roughly three thousand years, during which major progress was achieved by the peoples of Greece who dominated the world around the Aegean Sea. On the mainland the Helladic civilization dominated the strongholds in southern Greece, and was later transformed to the mighty Mycenaean civilization that was based in the Argolid. About the same time, on the islands of the Aegean, the distinct Cycladic civilization frourished, while the Minoans attain their highly refined culture on the island of Crete.
This tumultuous time was named the Age of Heroes becaue it gave birth to many stories and legends like the Illiad and the Odyssey. These three civilizations were similar in many respects, while at the same time were distinct in their culture and disposition but they managed to coexist for almost three thousand years. Eventually the Mycenaeans came to dominate the entire Aegean region while the other two civilizations ceased for reasons not entirely understood.
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The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus. Athens has a recorded history spanning 3, years and has been inhabited since the 11th Millennium BC. With ruins and archaeological sites dating back thousands of years, the crown jewel of Athens has always been the rock that towers proudly above the city. Once you climb to the top, you will see what all the fuss is about. Its temples are the most influential buildings in Western architecture. Beyond the Acropolis, other Athens attractions include the Agora which was once the heart and soul of the city for 1, years.
It was the centre for all civic activities and where Socrates once addressed his public. Above all, it was where democracy was born and reigned. Here you can get up close to the ruins whilst you wonder around the grounds and get a sense of what life was like thousands of years ago.
For history fanatics, wine and food lovers, adventure enthusiasts, or simply sea and sun seekers, Greece a treat for everyone. From charming stone-built villages hidden among the Greek mountains boasting unimaginable rivers and gorges, to secluded idyllic islands with gorgeous beaches still blissfully under the radar, to those attracting visitors by the thousands, as well as cities bursting with cultural heritage, rich gastronomic culture and nightlife, visitors drawn to Greece will experience memories that will last forever.
It was in this sacred landscape that love was born. Explore with your other half the islands on a cruise and enjoy sun-kissed beaches, superb natural landscapes, cosmopolitan resorts and traditional settlements alike or taste exquisite local dishes.
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The iconic Athens landmark Acropolis is a complex of several ancient historical monuments and architectural masterpieces including the Parthenon, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea and a small temple of Athena Nike. The Propylaea is constructed from Pentelic marble and comprises of Doric columns on the outer side and ionic columns in the central area and can be reached through a stairway. Parthenon The imposing building on entering the complex is the magnificent Parthenon completed in BC.
The temple dedicated to the goddess Athena epitomizes the ancient Greek art, it has 46 outer columns and 23 inner columns in total which is huge! It is said to be set on fire, ravaged by earthquakes, looted for its sculptures and almost destroyed by the explosion. Yet, the grandeur of the building remains intact radiating the glory of its bygone era even through its ruins!
The temple is an Ionic structure built in tetrastyle with various sections elaborately decorated with relief sculptures of Nike. The temple during its glory days is said to have elaborate ornate and gilded decorations on doors, windows, and columns.
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Athenian tetradrachm, circa BC. Mounted atop a tall column, a white marble owl, at once elegant, inscrutable and slightly intimidating, fixes the visitor with its penetrating gaze. This statue, dating to the Archaic period, is a welcome touch preserved from the previous Acropolis Museum. The owl has been a defining feature of the Acropolis and the city of Athens for centuries, and there are many more to be seen, both in the museum and around the city.
Some romantic accounts have its distant ancestors roosting in the high rafters of the original Parthenon, before it was burned by the Persians in BC, to be replaced by the more familiar marble temple that stands on the Acropolis today.
Aegina is one of the islands closest to Athens: famous for being the first place in Greece to mint coins during the 7th century, this Saronic Island is not yet a major touristic destination. So if you’d like to avoid flocks of tourists, spend a day in Aegina.
Explore Sea Kayaking in many locations of Greece The Apollo Coast …or Athens Riviera, is a superb coast with plenty inlets, bays and beaches that stretches along the Saronic Gulf for some 70 kms, from the Piraeus port and the quaint suburb of Faliro to the southernmost point, which is Cape Sounio. It has SW orientation, which means that it is characterized by many wonderful sunsets, as here the sun shines bright days a year.
The area of Vouliagmeni consists of an enchanting series of bays, peninsulas and beaches amidst pine greenery. Or simply, sip a signature cocktail, taste an ice cream or have a dinner in one of its many top-notch seafood restaurants. Varkiza is the next seatown you encounter and its great sandy beach within its large bay with South orientation makes it just as delightful.
Thanks to the security of its setting, many professional athletes but simple Athenians as well train or practice their favorite water sport here. Further down the coastal road you drop into several wonderful creeks and beaches, among which picturesque Agios Nikolaos, with its strip of sand connecting the land to a small rocky peninsula with the small white chapel of Agios Nikolaos, dedicated to the saint who protects the seamen and mariners. The area is ideal also for diving, thanks to the clear and safe waters and underwater attractions such as shipwrecks, cars and planes lying on the sea bottom, caves, reefs and sea life.
The southern you get the most secluded beaches you can find. After the sea villages of Saronida and Fokea, the last 20 kms before reaching Cape Sounio are dotted with secret coves, nice sandy shores and islets. You can enjoy rejuvenating swims in the crystal clear sea of Legrena before making your way to Sounio and the jaw-dropping Temple of Poseidon, dating back to the 5th AC century.
There you can admire perhaps the most beautiful sunset in the whole area, and then taste some special sea dishes in a local tavern, sipping a glass of ouzo. Few kms north of Sounio, on the western coast of Attica region, lies the small town of Lavrio. Once an important industrial center famous for its mines since Ancient times, Lavrio is today a pacific holiday resort with a nice marina and some nice fish restaurants.
Pebble mosaic dating to 4th century BC discovered in Greek city of Arta
Trouble with the national economy has created a number of issues What is Name Day in Greece? Name Day is a traditional day of celebration in which the day of the year that one’s name is connected with, in accordance to the calender of
One of the most beautiful spots on the island is Bekiri Cave, which has areas where you can swim as well as walk. One distinctive feature of Spetses is the prohibition of automobiles within town limits. Transportation options include walking, bicycles, mopeds and horse-drawn carriages. Travel time from Piraeus: Kea As the nearest island of the Cyclades to the mainland, Kea is extremely popular with Athenian families in August and at weekends year-round.
As a result much of the coastline is peppered with holiday homes built with the locally quarried green-brown stone. One of the most iconic landmarks on the island is the Lion of Kea, an ancient sculpture you can reach by taking a fairly strenuous hike. Also worth visiting is Panagia Kastriani Monastery, which provides a dramatic overlook of the Aegean. Ancient Karthea is another notable archeological site, with the remains of a temple and theater overlooking the sea.
Travel time from Lavrio: Andros Where to Stay Andros is a mountainous island at the far north of the Cyclades archipelago. You can visit some distinctive museums on Andros, such as the Archeological Museum of Andros, The Museum of Contemporary Art and Clyclades Olive Museum, which is actually an authentically restored olive mill. Another fascinating landmark is the Holy Monastery of Panagia Panachrantos, a Byzantine monastery on a mountaintop that offers panoramic views of the island and sea.
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Free things to do in Athens Here is my list of how to enjoy the city of Athens for free: Book a free tour with a local This is Athens has a great program where you get in touch with locals and depending on your needs and interests you arrange with them a free tour. Whether you are a history buff, a foodie, a shopping enthusiast or an outdoor enthusiast you are bound to find a tour that suits you and get to discover the great city of Athens through the eyes of a local.
Find a Bar or Club in Athens Last Updated on November 10th Local Night Clubs and Bars in Athens Greece. Find a Athens Bar or Night Club that suits your interest (Sports Bar, Gay Bar, Karaoke Bar, Singles Bar, etc.). We are constantly adding new Bars and Clubs.
Archaeological sites in Athens to shut for strike July 5, All archaeological sites and most museums in the Greek capital, including Athens’ famed Acropolis, will remain shut Thursday morning due to a strike by site guards demanding the payment of overtime and the hiring of more Greece opens ancient water clock in Athens to visitors August 17, Greek heritage authorities have opened up to the public, for the first time in decades, a landmark 2, year-old clock tower in a major Athens archaeological site.
And now the Acropolis is crumbling October 1, Just when Greece thought it had come through the worst of the crisis it was hit by a new blow Wednesday—the Acropolis is crumbling. Ancient mass graves discovered in Greece April 14, Archaeologists have discovered two mass graves near the Greek capital containing the skeletons of 80 men who may have been followers of ancient would-be tyrant Cylon of Athens. Ancient ornamental stud stolen from Pompeii; site closed May 18, Officials say an ancient ornamental bronze stud has been stolen from an exhibit inside the Pompeii archaeological site.
Fifth century BC objects returned to Greece May 19, Greece on Tuesday reclaimed scores of ancient objects dating to the fifth century BC that Belgian, British and German authorities returned, the culture ministry said. Recommended for you Newly discovered deep-sea microbes gobble greenhouse gases and perhaps oil spills, too November 27, Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin’s Marine Science Institute have discovered nearly two dozen new types of microbes, many of which use hydrocarbons such as methane and butane as energy sources to survive and Climate change could lead to threefold increase in powerful storms across Europe and North America November 26, Powerful storms that cause extreme weather conditions such as flooding across Europe and North America, with the potential to wreak social and economic havoc, could increase threefold by the end of the 21st century due to Extreme heat increasing in both summer and winter November 26, A new study shows extreme heat events both in the summer and in the winter are increasing across the U.
Six feet under, a new approach to global warming November 26, A Washington State University researcher has found that one-fourth of the carbon held by soil is bound to minerals as far as six feet below the surface. The discovery opens a new possibility for dealing with the element as People can sustainably share resources, under some conditions November 26, Sometimes, there is no “tragedy” in the tragedy of the commons, according to a new analysis that challenges a widely accepted theory.
I have always had an immense interest towards ancient history, the reason for life and trying to grasp a slight glimpse at the bigger picture of it all. Ever since I was a child, I always asked questions and wanted to know the universal truth that stands behind it all. As I got older, getting exposed to all sort of schools of thought and the social institutions, I thought I would finally get my answers. I was patient, I was a sponge for knowledge.
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Explore the ancient ruins of Delphi Admire the ancient Delphi theater with seating for 5, spectators Visit the ruins of the historic Temple of Apollo See impressive artifacts at the Delphi Museum Take in the beautiful mountainous scenery Full description After departing from Athens at Continue to Arachova, a town famous for its bright multi-colored carpets, before arriving in Delphi.
At the foot of Mount Parnassos lies the sanctuary of Delphi, once home to the most famous oracle in Ancient Greece. Set in a spectacular landscape, Delphi was for centuries a cultural and religious center and a symbol of unity for the Greek world. Visit this historic archaeological site with ruins dating back to the 4th century B. Start with the ruins of the incredible Temple of Apollo followed by the ancient theater, featuring 35 rows and space for up to 5, spectators.
Then head to the Delphi Museum to see more archeological treasures, including the unique bronze statue of the Charioteer dedicated to Apollo in B. After your guided visit you will have approximately 1 hour free for lunch before boarding the bus for your return trip to Athens. See more See less.
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Athens Churches Guide to 12 churches in Athens, Greece In the heart of this historical Greek town of Athens and its winding streets lie numerous churches of impressive architecture, dating back to 5th century. Most of the churches in Athens are well-preserved, decorated with rare frescoes and icons. A stroll around the centre reveals the jewels of religious art and tradition. The Metropolis Cathedral of Athens is the spiritual center of Greek Orthodox and one of the most important holy sites in the city.
It is dedicated in the Annunciation of the Virgin and its construction works begun in It is regarded as a masterpiece that contains of three aisles, a dome and two towers.
On a full-day trip from Athens, step back into the past with a visit to Delphi, one of Greece’s most historic archaeological sites. Admire the ruins of the Temple of Apollo and the ancient theater, and see precious artifacts at the Delphi Museum. After departing from Athens at , drive for 2.
Ancient Athens today Spending time in ancient Athens is a must for every visitor to Greece. Perhaps you’re going to tour the mainland, or on your way from the port of Piraeus to the Greek islands. However and whenever you do it, take time to see Athens. You won’t regret it. No other city has retained so much of its ancient history. To walk its streets, to wander around the acropolis and other areas really does take you back in time. Transport around the city is much better than it used to be, largely thanks to the work put in to get the city ready for the Olympic Games of There are also far more pedestrian areas and walkways than there used to be.
Trees and shrubs have been planted, and the city is now more pleasant for tourists. View of the Acropolis Highlights of Ancient Athens The Acropolis upper city is probably the most famous ancient site in the world, and is the main attraction in Athens. Its history goes so far back it is difficult to separate fact from myth and legend.